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Ethnologue report for Balochi language

27 Feb

Balochi, Western
A language of Balochistan Pakistan
ISO 639-3: bgn
Population1,116,000 in Pakistan (1998). Population total all countries:
1,799,842.
Region Northwestern Balochistan Province. Also spoken in Afghanistan, Iran,
Tajikistan, Turkmenistan.
Alternate names Baluchi, Baloci, Baluci
Dialects Rakhshani (Raxshani), Sarawani. Strongly influenced by Fars, but not intelligible with Farsi.
ClassificationIndo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern,
Balochi
Language development Literacy rate in first language: 1% to 5%. Literacy rate in second language: 5% to 15%. Urdu script; Arabic script in
Afghanistan. Newspapers. Radio programs. Bible portions: 1984.
Comments Balochi is the official spelling in Pakistan. It has a small body
of literature. Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:
Afghanistan
Language name Balochi, Western
Population200,000 in Afghanistan (1979).
Region Along Helmand River and Zaranj area, in the southwest desert region.
Alternate names Baluchi, Baluci, Baloci
Dialects Rakhshani (Raxshani).
Language development Literacy rate in first language: 5% to 10%. Literacy
rate in second language: 15% to 25%.
Comments Largely nomadic. Muslim (Sunni).

Iran
Language name Balochi, Western
Population451,000 in Iran (1986).
Region Northern Sistan va Baluchistan Province. Half are settled in cities and villages, half are nomadic.
Alternate names Baluchi, Baluci, Baloci
Dialects Rakhshani (Raxshani), Sarawani.
Language use Few speak Farsi.
Comments Distinct from Eastern and Southern Balochi. Ethnic group:
Yarahmadza. Muslim (Sunni and Shi’a).

Turkmenistan
Language name Balochi, Western
Population28,000 in Turkmenistan (1993).
Alternate names Baloci, Baluchi, Baluci
Language useTurkmen is used as the literary language in Turkmenistan.
Comments Distinct from Eastern and Southern Balochi. Muslim.

Entries from the SIL Bibliography about this language:
Academic Publications
Farrell, Timothy. 1989. A study of ergativity in Balochi.
Farrell, Timothy. 1995. “Fading ergativity? A study of ergativity in Balochi.”

Hallberg, Daniel G. 1992. Pashto, Waneci, Ormuri.
Sabir, A. Razzak. 2003. “Language contact in Balochistan (with special reference to Balochi and Brahui).”
Vernacular Publications
Buni kitaab. 1987.

Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.), 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World,

URL: http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bgn

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Posted by on February 27, 2011 in Balochi Language Profile

 

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